A new coronavirus that emerged in late 2019, is causing respiratory problems illness called COVID-19. It causes mild as well as a severe illness that differs from person to person.
COVID -19 has a lot many similarities with common flu. There are many differences between them though, it still is confusing the people to distinguish between the two.
Below are some important points to help you to spot the differences between the two, in order to identify the virus:
Growth Period Of Covid-19 And Flu :
The growth/incubation period is the time it takes to show the symptoms after the transmission of the infection.
Flu: The incubation period is shorter in case of flu, generally around 2-3 days.
COVID-19: The incubation period in the case of coronavirus is between 2 to 14 days. However, the median is around 4-5 days as observed by Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
On concentrating more closely on the symptoms of the two, we can easily detect which of the two is causing suffering to a patient.
Flu: Individual suffering from a common flu experience some or all of the below-mentioned symptoms:
Runny or stuffy nose
Body aches and pains
COVID-19: The most common recorded symptoms are:
Shortness of breath
In addition to the above, many patients have recorded the following symptoms too, however, these tend to be less common.
Runny or stuffy nose
Nausea or diarrhea
Loss of smell
Loss of taste
It is also observed that some of the patients of COVID-19 are not experiencing any symptoms or very minor symptoms.
Infection course and severity
The percentage of deaths or critical cases differs in both cases.
COVID-19: Around 20% of the total reported cases are found to be severe/ critical. Some patients also have reported experiencing respiratory symptoms in the second week of the sickness, around after 8 days.
Flu: A serious case of flu typically resolves in around 3 to 7 days. Some people report that cough and fatigue linger for 2 weeks or longer, in their case. Only 1% of the reported people get hospitalized.
Why is COVID-19 being treated differently to the normal flu?
Coronavirus is totally new to the immune system, which makes it difficult to generate a response for fighting against it.
COVID is causing more severity to the patients, around 20%. Thus, the mortality rate is higher than that of common flu.
The rate of transmission is very high in the case of COVID-19.
A vaccine is already there for flu but for coronavirus, there is no licensed vaccine available. Researchers are working hard to develop a vaccine for the same.